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Independence

Image: (to a female) You’re very independent: 妳很獨立.

In English, independent is in-dependent, or not dependent.

In Chinese, independent can be expressed as 獨立 (du2 li4), two characters that literally say “alone” and “standing” and together mean “standing alone.”

How do you say that you’re an independent person?

I am an independent person: 我 (wo3 – I) 個性 (ge4 xing4 – personality) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

How about I am quite independent?

我的 (wo3 de – my) 個性 (ge4 xing4 – personality) 蠻 (man2 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent) or, a shorter way to say it, 我 (wo3 – I) 蠻 (man2 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

If you look up the meaning for 蠻 (man2), you will see “barbarous or savage.” Don’t worry. When used in a conversation, it means quite, pretty, or very. People will not think you’re barbaric!

How about not just independent or quite independent, but very, VERY independent?

I am very independent: 我的 (wo3 de – my) 個性 (ge4 xing4 – personality) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

You can also to express the same meaning in a shorter sentence:

I am very independent: 我 (wo3 – I) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

To say to a friend that he or she is very independent:

For a male:

你的 (ni3 de – your) 個性 (ge4 xing4 – personality) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent) or 你 (ni3 – you) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

For a female, it’s a slightly different form of the “you” character that has the identical pronunciation:

妳的 (ni3 de – your) 個性 (ge4 xing4 – personality) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent) or 妳 (ni3 – you) 很 (hen3 – quite, very) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent).

However, you don’t say: 我 (wo3 – I) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent) or 你 (ni3 – you) 獨立 (du2 li4 – independent) without an adjective such as 很 (he3, quite, very). Without an adjective, these sentences don’t communicate the same meaning.

Image: (to a female) You’re very independent: 妳很獨立.


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